Teaching value-loaded critical thinking in philosophy education

Authors

  • Floor Rombout Hogeschool van Amsterdam

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.46586/JDPh.2024.11318

Keywords:

Dialogue, value-loaded critical thinking, moral values, critical reasoning, reflection

Abstract

Value-loaded critical thinking refers to a combination of critical thinking, moral value development and reflection. It is important to teach value-loaded critical thinking in secondary education and philosophy seems the pre-eminent subject to do so. This article describes the theoretical foundations of value-loaded critical thinking, its educational objectives, and what is known about effective teaching strategies. Value-loaded critical thinking is best taught in teacher-led philosophical dialogues. Four design principles summarize effective teaching strategies for teaching value-loaded critical thinking in dialogue: teachers should (1) explicitly address moral values in dialogue; (2) apply moral values to engaging or realistic examples; (3) promote critical reasoning about moral values; and (4) provide opportunities for reflection.

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Published

2024-07-10

Issue

Section

Articles